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10th Period - Fourth Dynasty of Portugal - House of Bragança
(17th Century to 20th Century)


17th C --
1640 15th December - Dom João IV (1640 - 1656) - First of House of Bragança
1640 Envoys are sent to Barcelona to report on the election of House of Bragança to the throne as the Catalans supported his claim
1640 Dom João IV sells much of his property and personal possessions to raise funds to rearm his army
1640 War of Restoration - between Portugal and Spanish thrones (1640-1668)
1640 Dom João IV arrests the pro-Castile Bishop of Braga and Marquês de Vila Real
1641 11th January - Official news reaches Madeira of the reinstatment of the House of Bragança
1641 February - Dom João IV sends envoys to France, England and Holland seeking support for Portugal against Spain
1641 27th February - Portugal and Spain sign a Trade Agreement to maintain their prts open to each others vessels
1641 1st June - Conde de Nassau with Dutch forces occupies Sergripe in Brazil
1641 12th June - Treaty de Tréguas - Portugal enters into a Peace Treaty with Holland but terms are more in favour to Holland
1641 16th June - Fort de Santa Cruz in Angra do Heroísmo in Spanish hands finally surrenders to Portuguese accepts the new King
1641 28th June - The "Cortes" impose a 10% Tax on all property to raise funds to support an army to defend Portugal
1641 July - The powers behind the "Inquisition" mount a failed counter-revolution against the House of Bragança
1641 1st July - Portugal enters into a Peace Treaty with France - a French fleet is dispatched in support to Lisbon
1641 28th July - Plotters are arrested and the chief minister to the crown, Sr Francisco de Lucena, is publicly executed for supporting the Spanish movement against the throne
1641 The Dutch take possession of the African slave trade centre of Luanda (1641-1648) - they also invade parts of Brazil
1641 September - Combined Portuguese and French fleet fail in their attack on Cadiz
1641 September - Spanish troops fail in their attack on border town of Olivença
1641 30th October - Conde de Nassau with Dutch forces occupies Maranhão in Brazil
1642 Portuguese army under Sancho Manuel repeatedly rebuff Spanish army invasion led by the Duke of Alba into Portugal
1642 Creation of Counsel of Overseas Possessions
1642 Pope Urban VIII sides with Spain against Portugal and refuses to meet with Portuguese envoy, Bishop of Lamego
1642 Treaty signed between Portugal and England just before the outbreak of the English Civil War
1642 15th August - Portuguese forces regain control of Maranhão
1642 30th September - António Moniz Barreiros take Calvário and São Luís in Brazil from the Dutch
1643 Francisco de Lucena, Secretary of State for Dom João IV , executed for treason
1643 Portuguese army led by Conde de Óbidos make an unsuccessful attempt to take Badajoz
1643 6th May - Dutch forces in Angola attack Portuguese camp and take Pedro César de Menezes prisoner
1643 Birth of Dom Afonso (VI) in Lisbon, 10th Duque de Bragança (1643-1683)
1644 25th May - Battle of Monte Claros, Montijo - Portuguese led by Matias de Albuquerque defeat Spanish army after initial success by the Spanish - a counter move by the Spanish to take town of Elvas also failed
1644 Dutch abandon Maranhão in Brazil
1644 September - Revolt of inhabitants in Pernambuco against Dutch masters
1645 May - Revolt of inhabitants in Pernambuco against Dutch masters
1645 3rd August - Battle of Monte dos Tabocas - Inhabitants of Pernambuco defeat Dutch
1646 Padre António Vieira gains the confidence of Dom João IV and influences the King's decisions
1646 Dom João IV offer of 3 million Cruzados is rejected by Holland in return for the Dutch evacuating Brazil
1646 Portuguese surround Dutch held town of Recife in Brazil - relief Dutch forces fail to take settlements of Orlinda and Várzea
1646 Nossa Senhora da Conceição adopted as Patron Saint of Portugal
1647 Dutch forces temporarly occupy Ilaparica Island, Brazil
1647 Dom João IV fails in negotiation with France in a marraige of his son to French princess and then to move to Azores as ruler of Azores and Brazil
1648 Portugal considers paqying Holland for the town of Pernambuco, Brazil
1648 Holland enters into Peace Treaty with Spain making them enemies to Portugal
1648 18th March - Dutch fleet arrive from Holland with soldiers and supplies
1648 19th April - 1st Battle of Guarapes - Portuguese defeat superior Dutch forces
1648 23rd June - Salvador Correia de Sá Benevides arrives from Brazil with private army to expel Dutch from Angola
1648 23rd June - Salvador Correia de Sá Benevides captures São Paulo de Luanda - Queen Ginja and her tribe remain hostile until March 1649
1648 António Raposo Tavares explores the Amazon basin
1648 Birth of Dom Pedro (II) in Coimbra
1649 17th February 2nd Battle of Guarapes - Portuguese forces again defeat  the superior Dutch troops
1649 Dom João IV orders the return of all property confiscated by the Inquisition from the Jews
1649 Dom Duarte, brother of Dom João IV, dies in prison in Milan, Italy, after being taken prisoner fighting in the service of France
1649 Prince Rupert of England sails into Lisbon and demands freedom of Portuguese ports for his vessels
1650 Admiral Blake is sent from England to chase Prince Rupert away from Lisbon and Portuguese ports
1650 Portuguese are expelled from the Persian Gulf region
1652 Dutch fortify the Cape of Good Hope to control the Cape of Africa
1653 Death of Dom Teodósio heir to the Portuguese throne
1654 5th January - Battle of Pernabuco - Dutch are defeated at this important town held by Portuguese settlers
1654 A Commonwealth Treaty is entered into by Portugal and England giving the latter trading rights in return for defence against Spain
1655 France appeals to Portugal to attack Spain
1655 Loss of both Ceylon and Malabar to Dutch forces
1656 6th November - Dom Afonso VI (1656 - 1683) - Dona Luisa de Guzmán (wife of Dom João V), assumes Regency for Dom Afonso VI
1657 Afonso VI offers a large dowry and either Tangiers or Mazagão, in an attempt to unite the royal French and Portuguese families
1657 Dutch beseige Goa in India
1657 30 May - Portuguese attack Badajoz whilst the Spanish seize Olivença
1658 Spanish besiege Elvas are driven off in October by relief forces from Estremoz after holding out for three months
1658 7th November - Peace declared between France and Spain
1659 Spain signs Peace treaty with France which allows Spain to turn its intentions onto Portugal
1659 Duke of Schomberg of Germany is engaged by Portugal to restructure and train its army - he arrives in 1660 with 80 staffa and 440 experianced soldiers
1659 14th January - Battle of "Linhas de Elvas" - Spanish army defeated by Portuguese army under the Conde de Cantanede
1660 General Schomberg arrives in Portugal to train the Portuguese army
1661 Josefa de Óbidos paints the five altar paintings for the of Church of Santa Maria
1661 Alliance between Portugal and England renewed - England despatches 3.000 to Portugal in support
1661 Treaty of the Hague - Dutch formally recognise Portuguese sovereignty over Recife, Brazil
1661 June - "Golpe de Alcântara" Dom Afonso assumes total power of his ministers with the help of the Conde de Castelo Melhor - António Vieira retreats to a monastery
1662 25th April - Dona Catarina of Bragança sails to England to marry Charles II and becomes Queen of England - Tangier and Bombay are part of her dowry
1662 May - Spanish army enters Portugal and occupies Alter, Borba, Crato, Juromenha and Monforte - diseases in their ranks forces to return to Spain
1662 16th June - António Conti, favourite of Dom Afonso VI, is arrested by orders of the Quenn Mother and sent in exile to Brazil
1662 June - Court rebellion appoints the Conde de Castelo Melhor, Dom Luís de Vasconcelos e Sousa, as Prime Minister holding strong power over the Government and stripping powers originally held by the Queen-Regent - he appoints Franco/German Marshall Schomberg as in charge of the Portuguese fight with Spain - Padre António Vieira is imprisoned
1662 12th July - Afonso VI and sends Dona Luisa the Queen Mother to a convent
1662 Dutch occupy Cochim in India
1663 March - Some 600 Englsih soldeirs desert the Portuguese army for the Spanish army due to arrears in their salaries
1663 6th May - Évora is occupied by Spanish invading army
1663 8th June - Battle of Ameixial - Portuguese led by Schomberg heavily defeats invading Spanish army and retakes Évora
1664 7th July - Battle of Castelo Rodrigo - Portuguese defeat Spanish army besieging the town led by Duque de Ossuna
1665 17th June - Battle of Montes Claros - Portuguese army led by General Duke of Schomberg defeats invading Spanish army near Estremoz
1666 Marraige of Dom Afonso VI with Dona Maria Francisca Isabel de Sabóia
1667 Marriage of Dom Afonso VI to Dona Maria Francisca Isabel of Savoy annulled due to non-consumption
1668 Dom Alfonso VI declared mentally incapable of ruling and is replaced by his brother Dom Pedro II who then assumes Regency
1668 Dom Afonso VI is sent to confinement on the Island of Terceira in the Azores - António Vieira returns to power in the court
1668 Marriage of Dom Pedro II to his cousin Dona Isabel of Savoy after her previous marriage to Dom Afonso VI is annulled
1668 Peace Treaty - Spain officially recognizes Dom Pedro (II) succession to the Portuguese throne after delays and much discussion and granting Spain Ceuta and Portuguese controlled Galega
1669 The five love letters of nun "Mariana Alcoforado" published by Marquis de Chamilly published in Paris
1674 Group of aristocrats are beheaded for plotting the return of Dom Afonso VI - Dom Afonso VI is transferred back to confinement in Sintra Palace
1678 First entry in Customs Records of export of wine from Porto
1681 1st January -Death of Salvador Correia de Sá e Benevides in Lisbon
1683 12th September - Dom Pedro II - (1683 - 1706)
1683 Death of Dona Maria Francisca Isabel of Savoy, ex-wife of Dom Afonso VI and wife of Dom Pedro II
1687 Marriage of Dom Pedro II to Dona Maria Sofia of Baviera-Neuburg
1689 October - Birth of Dom João (V) in Lisbon, 11th Duque de Bragança (1689-1750)
1690 Infanta Isabel-Josefa of Portugal dies
1690 Pirates sack Porto Santo
1692 Severe drought causes a crises in the silk industry
1693 January - return to Portugal of Dona Catarina of Bragança - ex-Queen of England
1693 Foundation of Jesuit College of Beja
1697 "Cortes" meet to confirm succession to the throne of eldest son Dom João (V) of Dom Pedro II - they also give the throne the necessary power to make laws without referring them to the "Cortes"
1697 Gold discovered by Minas Gerais in Brazil
1697 Death of Padre António Vieira in Baía in Brazil
1698 Last meeting of the "Cortes"
1699 First shipment of gold from Brazil arrives in Lisbon
1699 Birth of Marquês de Pombal (1699-1782)
18th C. --
1701 Portugal fails to recognise Don Felipe de Bourbon as new King of Spain
1702 Portugal sides with England in the War of Spanish Succession
1703 Portugal now recognises Don Felipe de Bourbon as King of Spain
1703 Treaty of Methuen - Trade agreement relating mainly to wine between Portuguese and English which was to prove very profitable for both sides
1703 December - Portugal terminates relations with Spain
1704 30th April - Spain declares War in Portugal - in 24th May Spanish army led by General Berwick advances into Portugal taking Castelo Branco but retires in July
1704 Portuguese fail in their taking of Cuidade Rodrigo in Spain
1704 English capture Gibraltar from Spain
1705 May - Portuguese capture Valencia de Alcántara and Albuquerque in Spain
1706 9th December - Dom João V (1706 - 1750)
1706 April - Portugal retake Valencia de Alcántara
1706 25th June - Portuguese army and allies enter Madrid and Archduke Carlos III is declared King of Spain
1707 Civil unrest in Brazil - "emboadas"
1707 Re-commencement by Inquisition of "auto fé" in Portugal (1707-1750)
1708 Marriage of Dom João V to Dona Maria Anna daughter of Leopold I of Austria
1708 Civil unrest period commences (1708-1750) throughout central Portugal against introduction of a series of new Taxes
1709 April - Portuguese army fails in its attempt to take Badajoz
1709 May - Portuguese army defeated at Almanza in Spain
1710 Civil unrest in mining area in Brazil causes Rio de Janeiro to invade the area to take control
1710 Civil unrest in Brazil - "moscatas"
1711 French ships raid Rio de Janeiro
1711 Construction started on Convento de Mafra
1712 7th November - Portugal signs Armistice with France
1714 11th April - Treaty of Utrecht - Portugal gained considerable territory in Brazil and peace with Spain
1714 Birth of Dom José (I) in Lisbon, 12th Duque de Bragança (1714-1777)
1715 6th February - Portugal signs Peace Treaty with Spain
1717 Birth of Dom Pedro (III) in Lisbon
1717 Construction started of Basilica and Palace of Mafra
1717 July - Battle of Matopan - Dom João V's Portuguese fleet in support of Emperor Charles IV participates in naval battle against Turks
1720 Foundation of Royal Academy of History
1723 Construction of Baroque staircase leading to Church of Bom Jesus near Braga
1727 Foundation of the "Feitoria Inglesa" in Porto by English wine exporters
1727 First Mason's Lodge founded in Lisbon by local English traders
1728 Dom João breaks contacts with the Pope as he refuses to confirm his appointment of Bicki as Bishop of Lisbon
1729 Marriage of Dom José (I) to Dona Marianne Victoria of Bourbon, daughter of Don Philip V of Spain, and Don Fernando (VI) of Spain marries Dona Maria Bárbara of Portugal
1729 Diamonds discovered in Minas Gerais in Brazil
1730 The Pope agrees to appoint Bicki as a Cardinal
1730 Consecration of Basilica and Palace of Mafra
1731 First Italian Opera performed in Lisbon
1733 First Portuguese Opera composed by António de Almeida
1734 Gold discovered in Mato Grosso in Brazil
1734 Birth of Dona Maria (I) in Lisbon, (13th) Duquesa de Bragança (1734-1816)
1735 Dom João orders that Alentejo peasants be supplied with free corn seed to sow to battle against the economic depression
1735 Masonic movement of English merchants in Lisbon found their first Lodge
1735 Discontent commences again between Portugal and Spain - relationship restored in 1737
1737 16th March - Peace Treaty of Paris
1737 Construction commenced of Royal Opera House in Lisbon
1737 Sebastião José de Carvalho (later Marquês de Pombal) is sent to London as Portuguese Ambassador until 1744 - moved to Vienna in 1745
1743 Masonic movement in Lisbon suffers investigation by the Inquisition
1743 Bacaim is take from the Portugese by the Morata tribe
1747 Construction of Palace of Queluz commenced
1748 Aqueduct of Águas Livres in Lisbon is inaugurated
1750 13th January - Portugal ratifies Treaty of Tordesvilhas (1494) with Spain
1750 31 July - Dom José I (1750 - 1777)
1750 Sebastião José de Carvalho (later Marquês de Pombal) appointed to the court council
1751 Trading of Brazilian natives forbidden to other countries other those belonging to Portugal
1755 1st November - Earthquake destroys most of Lisbon and southern Portugal and Algarve killing in the region of 15,000 people
1755 8th November - Another earthquake tremor is felt in Lisbon and again on the 11th of November
1755 11th December - Another earthquake tremor is felt in Lisbon and again on the 21st of December
1755 10th February - Battle of Caiboté - Over 1.200 native Indians killed by Luso-Spanish army in Uruguay
1756 16th July - Douro Valley becomes first demarcated wine area in Portugal and the "Coperativo Geral da Agricultura do Vinha do Alto Douro" is created by the Marquês de Pombal
1756 27th September - Law passed forbidding Portuguese seamen to wok on board foreign vessels
1756 29th October - The population of Lisbon is forbidden to leave the City due to the fear of a repeat of the earthquake the previous year
1757 Dom José I issues an edit stopping Jesuits from preaching in the countryside
1757 23rd February - Porto population stage a revolt against wine monopoly imposed by Sebastião José de Carvalho on wine producers in the Douro area
1757 12th October - Sebastião José de Carvalho (later Marquês de Pombal) orders the death of 21 men and 9 women who had revolted in Porto in February
1758 Sebastião José de Carvalho closes Évora University and tries to introduce a free grammar school style schooling which failed due to lack of funds
1758 1st April - Pope Bento XIV appoints Cardinal Saldanha to reform the Order of Jesuits in Portugal and its territories
1758 The Indians of Brazil are declared Free People
1758 27th August - Dona Maria Bárbara of Bragança and wife of Dom João V dies in Madrid
1758 3rd September - Attempt is made in Belém on the life of Dom José I,
1758 Sebastião José de Carvalho arrests many nobles, clerics, and also orders the public execution for high-treason of all the Távora family (9) in the name of the King - this act was also related to their strong objection to Dom José I affair with the Marquesa de Távora
1759 13th January - The Távora family and the Duque de Aveiro are publicly executed in Lisbon
1759 19th January - Sebastião José de Carvalho (later Marquês de Pombal)orders the arrest of several leading Jesuits
1759 6th June - Marquês de Pombal given title of "Conde de Oeiras"
1759 17th August - English fleet defeat French fleet off Lagos and chase fleeing French vessels into the Bay of Lagos violating the neutrality of Portugal
1759 3rd September - Dom José I signs the law which expels Society of Jesus (Jesuits), from Portugal and her overseas territories
1760 6th June - Marriage of Dona Maria I, daughter of Dom José I, to her uncle Dom Pedro (III)
1760 Sebastião José de Carvalho is created Marquês de Pombal by Dom José
1760 July - Hostility between the Crown and the Church deepens
1760 16th September - Spain proposes that the Treaty of Santo Ildefonso (1750) should be annulled
1761 Spanish temporarily army invades Portugal
1761 Marquês de Pombal adds mathematics and natural science to Coimbra syllabus - he also creates a "College of Nobles" for sons of aristocrats
1761 12th February - Treaty of Pardo - Portugal and Spain agree to annul The Treaty of Santo Ildefonso
1761 2nd April - Slavery trade is abolished in all Portugal and between all its territories
1761 20th August - Birth of Dom Jose in Lisbon, 14th Duque de Bragança (1761-1788), Príncipe de Brazil e Beira
1761 21st September - Jesuit Padre Gabriel Malagrida is put to death by "auto fé" ordered by the Inquisition
1761 25th December - All property belonging to the Order of Jesus are taken by the Crown
1762 5th April - Portugal refuses to surrender to the demands of France and Spain to join them in their war against England
1762 5th May - Spanish army invades Portugal and encircles Miranda do Douro in the north
1762 6th May - English army arrived in Lisbon under the command of General Townsend
1762 16th May - The town of Bragança surrenders to the Spanish army
1762 18th May - Portugal officially proclaims it is at war with France and Spain
1762 21 May - The town of Chaves surrenders to the Spanish army
1762 10th July - The Conde de Lippe is appointed to lead the Luso-British army
1762 25th August - The fort at Almeida falls to the Spanish army
1762 16th September - Battle of Salvaterra - Invading Spanish and French forces are defeated by Luso-English army led by Conde de Lippe
1762 29th October - Portuguese settlement at Sacramento in Argentina is attacked and destroyed by Spanish forces
1762 3rd November - Peace Treaty of Fontainebleau - Agreement between Portugal, England, France and Spain
1763 January - The capital of Brazil is moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro
1763 10th February - Peace Treaty of Paris - Spain returns the forts of Chaves and Almeida to Portugal and the settlement of Sacramento in Argentina is returned
1763 12th May - Spanish forces take the Fort de Santa Teresa in Brazil
1765 Birth of poet Bocage (1765-1805)
1765 1st January - Earthquake tremor in Lisbon
1765 13th September - Earthquake tremor in Lisbon
1767 Birth of Dom João (VI) in Lisbon, 15th Duque de Bragança (1767-1826), Principe de Brazil
1768 5th February - Introduction by the Crown of censorship on all printed material
1769 10th March - The Fort of Mazagão in Morocco is abandoned by Portuguese - this is the last Portuguese possession in Morocco
1769 7th July - The Stephens brothers commence production of glassware in Marinha Grande
1769 28th August - Pope Clement XIV attempts to re-establish relations between Portugal and the Holy See
1769 1st September - Peace agreement between Portugal and Morocco
1769 16th October - Dom José I grants the title of Marquês de Pombal to Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo
1770 25th February - Relationship between Portugal and the Holy See is restored on the appointment of the brother of the Marquês de Pombal to be a Cardinal
1771 Birth of composer Domingos Bontempo (1771-1842)
1772 Marquês de Pombal spends a month a Coimbra University reorganizing its syllabus and expanding its facilities
1772 17th May - Native revolt at Maranhão in Brazil
1772 2nd September - The Inquisition is re-organised
1773 Birth of opera singer Luisa Todi (1773-1833)
1774 10th February - Marquês de Pombal orders the Inquisition in Goa to be terminated
1775 Statue of José I by Machado de Castro unveiled in Lisbon
1776 24th January - Portugal applies for help from England and France to settle the Luso-Spanish conflict in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
1776 24th January - Portugal successfully attacks Spanish occupation of Rio Grande de São Pedro, Brazil
1776 Dom José, heir to the throne, wed to his aunt, Dona Maria Benedida
1776 4th July - Portugal closed its Ports to American vessels
1777 24th February - Dona Maria I & Dom Pedro III - (1777 - 1816)
1777 5th March - Dona Maria I accepts the resignation of Marquês de Pombal and dismisses him from her Court - she declares the Távora family innocent of treason and releases political prisoners
1777 Spanish forces occupy Santa Catarina Island in Brazil
1777 1st October - Treaty of Santo Ildefonso - Preliminary Treaty of peace between Dona Maria I and Don Carlos III of Spain
1778 11th March - Treaty of Pardo - Peace and Trading agreement between Portugal and Spain - Paraquay is granted by Portugal to Spainish claim
1778 April - Re-establishment of the Inquisition in Goa
1779 3rd August - Creation of Royal Academy of the Navy
1779 26th November - The Inquisition in Goa is once more dismantled
1779 24th December - Creation of Royal Academy of Sciences in Lisbon
1780 4th April - Vieira Lusitano opens the Academy of Nudes in Lisbon
1780 20th May - Foundation of Casa Pia in Lisbon for poor and orphan children
1780 Sea battle off Cape St. Vincent between Spain and England
1781 26th August - Last "auto de fé" takes place in Coimbra
1781 16th September - Last "auto de fé" takes place in Évora
1782 13th July - Portugal joins the League of Neutrals in the War of American Independence
1782 24th July - Portugal signs an agreement of neutrality with Catherine II of Russia
1783 15th February - Portugal recognises the Independence of the United States of North America
1783 18th November - First official licensed lottery by the Casa de Misericórdia
1784 Public lighting in the streets of Lisbon
1785 8th May - Marriage of Dom João (VI) to Dona Carlota Joaquina de Bourbon
1785 14th February - Law published banning importation of coloured silk underwear
1786 26th August - Death of Dom Pedro III
1787 3rd January - Inauguration of Observatory in Lisbon in Castelo São Jorge
1787 27th December - Commercial trading agreement between Portugal and Russia
1787 William Beckford resides in Sintra
1788 11th September - Death of Dom José in Brazil and Dom João next in line adopts title of "Prince of Brazil"
1789 Dutch attack Mozambique
1789 Independence movement at Minas Gerais in Brazil suppressed by Portuguese troops
1790 2nd January - Foundation of Royal Academy of Military Fortification
1790 10th February - Law passed forbidding the admittance of religious novices into either Monasteries or Nunneries
1790 31st May - First school for females opened in Lisbon
1790 December - Abolition of all cooperative organisations
1790 Birth of General and Duke of Saldanha (1790-1876)
1791 Dona Maria I becomes mentally unstable
1792 Dom João VI governs Portugal on behalf of his sick mother, Maria I
1792 Powerful rebel figure of Brazilian patriotic folklore and leader of a popular rebellion, Lieutenant Silva Xavier (Tiradentes), caught and hanged
1793 April - Group of plotters in Brazil referred to as "Tiradentes" imprisoned for plotting a revolution and leaders hanged
1793 War of Rossihão (1793-1795) - Portugal sends troops to assist Spain in its war against France in the Piranees
1793 15th July - Treaty between Portugal and Spain and Dom João VI to aid Spain in its war with France (1793-1794)
1793 16th September - 6.000 Portuguese forces embark for northern Catalonia to aid Spanish forces in its combat with France
1793 20th September - Portuguese troops under General John Forbes Skellater leave for Catalunha to support Spain against French army
1793 26th September - Treaty between Portugal and England against France
1793 27th September - Portuguese troops participate in battle actions against French army - again on the 14th December and 21st December
1793 December - Inauguration of Teatro de São Carlos in Lisbon
1794 27th March - Battle of Tour de Battere - Combined Portuguese and Spanish forces engage against French army in Pyranees
1794 1st May - Portugal withdraws its troops from further battle actions against France
1794 31st May - Portugal refuses Spanish request to send any further troops
1794 An "auto de fé" takes place in Lisbon
1794 17th November - Battle of Montanha Negra - Luso-Spanish army defeated allowing French troops to invade Catalonia
1795 22nd July - Peace agreed in Basle, Switzerland, between France and Spain
1795 Construction commences on Palácio da Ajuda in Lisbon
1796 Birth of José Joaquim de Sousa Reis (Remexido)
1797 17th February - Battle of St Vincent - Sir John Jervis beat the Spanish fleet off Sagres - Horatio Nelson distinguished himself during the action
1797 13th May - Inauguration of Royal Library in Lisbon
1797 13th May - Inauguration of Teatro de São João in Porto
1797 Introduction of paper money
1797 Portuguese envoy in Paris arrested by the authorities - only released in March 1798
1797 September - 6.000 English troops arrive in Lisbon to support Portugal and Spain against the threat of France
1798 Birth of Dom Pedro (IV) in Queluz, 16th Duque de Bragança (1798-1834), also Emperor of Brazil
1798 Maria I signed trade agreement with Russia
1798 Rebellion in Bahia, Brazil if savagely crushed
1798 30th June - Creation of Royal Geographical Society in Lisbon
1798 July - Battle of Nile" - Portuguese fleet participate in battle between English and France and the heavy defeat of Napoleon's navy
1799 Birth of writer Almeida Garrett (1799-1854)
1799 Dom João VI formally named Regent for Dona Maria I - due to her mental health
1799 18th September - Alliance Treaty between Portugal and Russia (Paul I)
19th C. --
1800 September - Instigated by France, Spanish troops start large military movements on Portuguese borders
1800 8th November - English troop reinforcements arrive in Lisbon
1801 29th January - Spanish-French ultimatum to Portugal to close ports to English vessels which is ignored
1801 27th February - Spain declares war on Portugal
1801 20th May - Spanish and French army led by General Godoy invade the Alentejo and take towns - Elvas, Crato and Juromenha surrenders without a fight; Campo Maior is only taken after 16 days of strong resistance - "Guerra das Laranjas (War of Oranges)" - conflict ended in June of same year
1801 29th May - Battle of Arronches - Portuguese troops fail to defend town of Arronches against Spanish army8
1801 Madeira occupied by English troops
1801 6th June - Treaty of Badajoz - agreed boundary lines between Portugal and Spain and the later took permanent possession of the Portuguese border town of Olivença in the Alentejo plus large financial payment
1801 8th June - Portuguese army invades Galicia and attack Monterey area but are forced to retreat by Spanish forces
1801 8th June - Spanish and Portuguese forces face each other over the River Guadiana in the Algarve without seriously engaging
1801 29th September - Peace Treaty between Portugal and France signed in Paris - Portugal agrees to close ports to English vessels
1801 10th December - Creation of Royal Police Guard of Lisbon
1802 Birth of Dom Miguel (I) in Queluz
1802 Foundation of Masons's Lodge "Grande Oriente Lusitano"
1802 29th September - Treaty between Portugal and France establishing border between French Guiana and Brazil
1803 3rd June - Declaration of Portuguese neutrality by Dom João VI
1803 19th December - Secret agreement of Portugal and England that Portugal will remain neutral in the case of war between England and France - in December Portugal had to pay money to France to continue with its neutrality
1804 19th March - Dom João VI signs an agreement with France that Portugal will remain neutral in the case of war between England and France
1804 Masonic Lodge "Grande Oriente Lusitano" founded - first  Portuguese Lodge independent of foreign Lodges
1805 25th April - French Ambassador Junot presents to Dom João IV a demand for Portugal to declare war on England
1805 9th May - Dom João IV reaffirms Portugal's neutrality
1805 21st October - Battle of Trafalgar - Spanish and French fleet are beaten by English off the coast south of Cadiz, Spain
1806 21st November - Spain and France insist that Portugal ceases to trade with England
1807 19th July - France formally demands that Portugal close her Ports to British vessels
1807 12th August - Spain issues another ultimatum to Portugal to close their ports to English vessels or they will invade Portugal
1807 Napoleon forces Portugal in the name of his appointed Regent to declare War on England
1807 18th October - French army led by General Junot marches into Spain and heads for Portuguese border
1807 27th October - Treaty of Fontainebleau - France (Napoleon) and Spain agree to divide between them the country of Portugal and the part of the Algarve granted to Don Manuel Godoy of Spain
1807 16th November - English fleet under Sir Sidney Smith arrive in the mouth of the River Tejo
1807 17th November - France army of 50.000 soldiers led by General Junot invade Portugal from Alcantara in Spain and take Castelo Branco and Abrantes- Portuguese Royal family and entourage board vessels to take them to Brazil
1807 23rd November - France troops enter Abrantes and march towards Lisbon
1807 27th November - Portuguese Royal family degrees that Rio de Janeiro as new capital of Kingdom of Portugal - official title is changed from "Kingdom of Portugal and Algarve" to "Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve"
1807 29th November - French troops led by General Junot enter Lisbon
1807 1st December -  Spanish army led by General Solano enters Elvas in the Alentejo
1807 4th December - English residents in Portugal are by order stripped of their possessions
1807 12th December - The King and Queen of the Asturias are forced to abdicate their kingdom by France with the promise that they will be made King and Queen of the North of Portugal
1807 13th December - Spanish troops led by General Taranco occupy Porto
1807 13th December - Riots in Lisbon when French flag is flown at Castle of São Jorge in Lisbon
1807 22nd December - The Marquis de Alorna is appointed as Commander of Northern Portugal
1807 23rd December - Napoleon decides that Portugal should pay as a  compensation to France a sum of 100 million francs - this was later reduced to 40 million francs on the 1st of February 1808
1808 The Prince-Regent creates in Brazil an economic boom by opening all ports to friendly tade and shipping
1808 1st February - The Royal Council of Portugal is dissolved and The Bragança Family are declared by French no longer rulers of Portugal - General Junot declares himself as the official representative of new ruler Napoleon
1808 4th February - Napoleon demands a payment of 40 million Francs from Portugal as a payment towards the cost of the war
1808 9th February - By order of General Loison nine Portuguese in Caldas da Rainha are summarily executed
1808 15th February - The General Junot is appointed Commander-in-Chief of all Portuguese forces and Marquis de Alorna as Inspector General
1808 7th March - Dom João and his Court arrive in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1808 11th March - French troops occupy Elvas
1808 17th May - A few hundred leading Portuguese citizens pay homage to General Junot in Lisbon
1808 18th May - French trained Portuguese army leaves for France to be incorporated in the French army
1808 June - Portuguese Foreign Legion created in the service of France
1808 1st June - Portalegre, Castelo de Vide surrender quickly to invaders but Marvão holds firm
1808 3rd June - Spanish troops occupy Crato and Flor da Rosa
1808 6th June - Northern Portuguese towns and in particular Porto revolt against the French invaders - the revolt spreads throughout Portugal
1808 9 June - Camp Maior surrenders after strong defending
1808 10th June - Dom João IV in Brazil as Price Regent of Portugal declares war on France
1808 21st June - French army led by General Loison are attacked near Mesão Frio
1808 25th June - Coimbra is retaken from the occupying French army
1808 July - The French army deliberately sacks the towns of Arronches, Elvas, Estremoz, Évora, Leiria, Nazaré, Portalegre and Tomar
1808 16th July - Loyal Portuguese forces blockade the Fort of Almeida
1808 24th July - General Wellesley arrives in Porto and is welcomed by the Bishop of Porto
1808 29th July - The army of General Loison defeat near Évora a combined Portuguese-Spanish force and takes revenge on the citizens of Évora by massacring men, women and children
1808 1st August - English forces led by General Arthur Wellesley land in Mondego Bay near Figueira da Foz
1808 Peninsular War (1808-1814)
1808 General Arthur Wellesley is appointed to lead Anglo-Portuguese army (later becomes Viscount Beresford)
1808 16th August - Battle of Roliça - Anglo-Portuguese larger army led by Wellesley defeat French army after fierce battle near Óbidos
1808 21st August - Battle of Vimeiro - English army commanded by Wellesley defeat French army led by General Junot - Wellesley awarded title of Conde do Vimeiro
1808 30th August - Treaty of Sintra - English commanders agree for defeated French army to depart from Portugal taking their spoils and arms
1808 15th September - General Junot and his army sail from Lisbon back to France
1808 18th September - English General Dalrymple declares the reinstatement of the Royal Council
1808 2nd October - The French forces holding the Fort of Almeida surrender
1808 26th December - Sir Samuel Hood and his troops led by General Beresford invade Funchal and take possession from French of Madeira until 1814
1808 A Provisional Junta of the Algarve is created after expelling French troops
1809 January - General William Carr Beresford is appointed to reorganise and train Portuguese army
1809 10th January - The capital of French Guiana is occupied by Brazilian army
1809 28th February - Portugal and England sign a Pact of Alliance and Trade
1809 4th March - Second invasion of French army at Caminha and Vila Nova de Cerveira of 40.000 soldiers led by General Soult - by the 24th they had reached Porto
1809 3rd March - General Beresford is made Commander-in-Chief of the Portuguese forces
1809 12th March - The French forces take town of Montalegre - Battle of Ponte de Saltadouro - and Chaves then Gêres - Battle of Ponte de Misarela
1809 16th March - Battle of Salamonde - The French forces defeat the Portuguese army
1809 17th March - General Bernardim Freire de Andrade and Governor of Porto accused of treason and murdered by populace near Braga
1809 20th March - Portuguese defending Braga defeated by French forces
1809 21st March - Portuguese forces retake Chaves
1809 22nd March - General Wellesley arrives in Lisbon to take command of English army
1809 29th March - The catastrophe of "Ponte das Barcas" in Porto - hundreds die as they flee Porto from French forces across a bridge made of boats which then collapses
1809 31st March - French forces take Penefiel
1809 18th April - Battle of Bridge of Amarante - The town of Amarante also fails to hold off French army but their defence is exemplary
1809 21st April - England agrees to lend Portugal 6 million pounds to finance the fight against the French - the same day an English army led by Wellesley arrive in Lisbon with 17.000 troops
1809 25th April - Deputation of leading Braga citizens pay homage to French General Soult
1809 2nd May - English and Portuguese army under Wellesley arrive in Coimbra
1809 2nd May - The town of Ponte de Lima showed exemplary quality in their failed fight against the invading French
1809 8th May - Portuguese army led by General Beresford arrive in Lamego and others led by General Silveira occupy Vila Real
1809 12th May - Battle of Moure - Portuguese forces force French forces to retreat to Amarante who then retreat northwards
1809 12th May - Battle of Porto - The French occupying army destroyed bridges crossing the River Douro to Porto. Wellesley crosses by boat at Avintes and chases the fleeing French army to the boarder with Spain
1809 13th May - Penefiel retaken by General Silveira
1809 18th May - The French army retreat from Portugal via Montalegre
1809 27th July - Battle of Talavera - Wellesley enters Spain and engages the Spanish and French and makes them retreat - both sides claim victory and Wellesley fails to chase as his supplies are low and returns with his army to Portugal - Wellesley is made Duke of Wellington
1809 Viscount Beresford as commander of Portuguese army dominates and strongly influences the rule of the Court due to the absent Regent
1809 October - Construction begins on construction of "Linhas de Torres" to the north of Lisbon which later successfully defends the capital against French army
1809 Lord Byron temporary resides in town of Sintra near Lisbon
1809 27th December - The Masonic Lodges parade through streets in Lisbon
1810 Birth of writer and poet Alexandre Herculano (1810-1877)
1810 19th February - Portugal and England sign a further Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Trade
1810 June - Third invasion of French army this time led by General Massena
1810 English reinforcements arrive by boat from England
1810 24th July - Battle of Bridge of Côa - English forces under General Robert Crauford create severe casualties and delay the advance of the French troops led by Marshal Ney
1810 1st August - Declaration by Marshal Massena that a large French army was invading Portugal from Ciudade Rodrigo in Spain to fight the English army and not the Portuguese
1810 15th August - Siege of Almeida - English forces forced to surrender on the 18th of August after heavy bombardment from French forces
1810 10th September - 50 leading Portuguese liberals are exiled to the Island of Terceira in Azores for promoting the policies
1810 18th September - French army occupies Viseu
1810 27th September - Battle of Bussaco - The French army led by Marshal Massena suffers a serious defeat against an inferior number of English and Portuguese troops
1810 1st October - French army again occupy Coimbra and sack the town
1810 7th October - Portuguese troops led by General Trant retake Coimbra
1810 Wellesley awarded title of Marquês de Torres Vedras
1810 14th October - The French army led by Massena try to penetrate without success the " Linhas de Torres" fortifications at Sobral - they also attempt to cross the river by boat but the Chamusca boatmen burn many of their boats
1810 29th October - General Silveira encircles the Fort of Almeida - he retreats on the 13th as superior French reinforcements arrive
1810 14th November - French army short of supplies withdraws to Santarém
1810 30th December - Battle of Bridge of Abade - General Silveira engages with the French army led by General Clarapède near Lamego
1811 11th January - Battle of Vila de Ponte - French army engage with the Portuguese army near to Montalegre
1811 19th January - Battle of Rio Maior - French army engage with the Portuguese army under the command of General Campbell
1811 4th March - French invading army start to withdraw from Portugal
1811 5th March - Battle of Barrosa (Spain) - Portuguese troops participate in the defeat of French army near Cadiz
1811 8th March - French forces led by Marshal Mortier encircle Campo Maior - the town surrenders on the 21st of March
1811 8th March - Beresford is despatched to help Spanish forces defending Badajoz against seige by the French. He arrives too late and he prepares to lay seige to the town
1811 10th March - The town of Badajoz in Spain falls to the French
1811 11th March - Battle of Pombal - Anglo-Portuguese army led by Duke of Wellington engage with French forces led by Marshal Ney
1811 13th March - Marshal Soult rejoins his troops at Badajoz
1811 14th March - Battle of Casal Novo - The Duke of Welling engages with French army under Marshal Ney
1811 15th March - Towns of Albuquerque and Valência de Alcântara are occupied by French troops
1811 16th March - Battle of Foz de Arouce - The Anglo-Portuguese army under Duke of Wellington defeat French army and force them to retreat
1811 22nd March - Marshall Massena concentrates his French army around Guarda and Belmonte
1811 23rd March - Marshal Ney opposes plans of Marshal Massena and takes his troops out of Portugal
1811 25th March - General Beresford retakes possession of Campo Maior
1811 13th March - Marshal Soult rejoins his troops at Badajoz
1811 3rd April - Battle of Sabugal - Duke of Wellington defeats French troops led by Marshal Messena who then orders their eventual retreat out of Portugal and back to France in 1813
1811 11th May - French troops defending Fort of Almeida retreat
1811 13th May - General Beresford granted title of Conde de Trancoso
1811 16th May - Battle of Albuera - Combined Portuguese-Spanish-English force led by General Beresford defeat French army under Marshal Soult near Badajoz in Spain
1811 19th May - Anglo-Portuguese troops encircle Badajoz - this seige action is abandoned on the 17th of June
1811 16th June - Wellington leads the attack on Badajoz and fails retrating back into Portugal
1812 16th March - Wellington commences his third seige of Badajoz
1812 6th April - Wellington forces eventually storm and take Badajoz with heavy losses losing some 5.000 men
1812 14th April - Battle of Guarda - French cavalry and Portuguese forces clash and are defeated suffering losses
1812 24th April - Marshal Marmont decides to withdraw his army from Portugal
1812 2nd May - Marshal Marmont advances from Spain on Almeida with 48.000 men
1812 10th May - Wellington forces engage with the French and force Marmont to retreat back into Spain
1812 16th March - Siege and Battle of Badajoz (Spain) - English army based in Elvas commenced their siege in March but it was not until the 6th April that the town of Badajoz was taken after the English losing in the action more than 10% of their men due to strong French resistance
1812 3rd April - French army led by Marshal Marmont invade Portugal
1812 6th April - French troops fail to take Fort de Almeida
1812 8th April - French troops encircle Castelo Branco
1812 13th April - The villages of Pedragão and Medelim are sacked by French troops
1812 12th June - Renewal of Treaty of Friendship between Portugal and Russia
1812 13th June - An Anglo-Portuguese army under Wellington enter Spain to commence the Salamanca Campaign
1812 17th June - The Anglo-Portuguese army under Wellington enter town of Salamanca - all Forts in the area are captured in the next ten days
1812 22nd July - Battle of Salamanca - French army of Marshal Marmont defeated by Anglo-Portuguese army
1812 17th August - Wellington leads his army into Madrid - French army retake the City on 2nd of November and stay there until abandoning it on June 12the the following year
1812 Combined Portuguese and English army (and also Spanish), led by Wellesley chase French army across Spain and after being defeated at the Battle of Victoria the French army returns to France
1812 USA ship "General Armstrong" and English fleet battle in the Bay of Horta, Azores
1814 30th May - First Treaty of Paris - Portugal agrees to return Guiana
1814 26th August - General Beresford returns to Portugal to seek power
1815 22nd January - Portugal and England sign a Treaty abolishing slave trade between Africa and northern of the Equator
1815 Congress of Vienna - the Alentejo town of Olivença was agreed to be returned to the possession of Portugal - this agreement was never acted upon
1815 20th November - The Four Alliance Pact commits France to pay 2 million Francs in compensation for the wars
1815 16th December - Creation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve
1816 20th March - Dom João VI (1816 - 1826) - Royal Court residing in Brazil
1816 2nd June - General Beresford is appointed to rebuild the Portuguese army in Portugal in the absence of Dom João VI
1816 28th September - Dona Maria Isabel (daughter of Dom João IV) is given in marriage to her uncle Don Fernando VII of Spain
1816 16th December - Brazil is recognised as its own Kingdom
1817 20th January - Brazilian army under General Carlos Frederico Lecor take Montevideo in Uruguay
1817 March - Brazilian Republican Movement seizes control of Permanbuco but capitulates after 10 weeks
1817 24th May - Liberal conspiracy led by General Gomes Freire de Andrade, a leading Liberalist and grandmaster of the Freemasonry Movement - he is arrested and executed on 17th October
1817 7th September - Dom Pedro (IV) son of Dom João VI receives title of Prince of Brazil
1818 22nd January - The "O Sinédrio Lodge", a group of mainly army conspirators is founded in Porto which later leads to the Revolution of 1820
1818 24th August - Army officers in Porto proclaim a Republican Revolution - their main objective is to remove General Beresford from power and bring back the "Braganças" to Portugal to replace the Council of Regency
1818 Marriage of Dom Pedro (IV) with Dona Leopoldina of Austria
1818 "Treaty of Paris" - The town of Olivença and its surrounding area is declared to be Portuguese territory but Spain refuses to comply
1819 Birth of Dona Maria (II) in Rio de Janeiro, (17th) Duquesa de Bragança (1819-1853)
1820 Death of military officer and liberal thinker Gomes Freire and head of the Masonic Order in Lisbon - he strongly opposed the English influence under Marshal Beresford, commander-in-chief of the Portuguese forces
1820 3rd April - Royal Family and Court return from Brazil to rule from Lisbon under a more Liberal regime - Dom Pedro the son of Dom João VI stays in Brazil to ensure its rule
1820 Island of Terceira declare in favour of Dom Pedro IV against Dom Miguel (I)


4th July - The first liberal Constitution was presented by a self-appointed Provisional Government in the absence of the King's control
1820 Liberal movement gains strength from support by Masonic Lodges
1820 13th August - General Beresford sails to visit Dom João VI in Brazil
1820 24th August - Liberal led riots occur in Porto against English influence and control of Portuguese authorities by Marchal Bereford who is absent visiting Brazil and the King - this is the start of years of civil unrest (1820-1834)
1820 24th August - Rebel "Junta Provisório do Governo Supremo do Reino" is organised in Porto led by Brigadier António da Silveira Pinto da Fonseca
1820 15th September - Liberal led riots occur in Lisbon in sympathy with those earlier in Porto - rebel Military Junta takes over control in Lisbon and the Regency Council is dismissed
1820 27th September - The two Juntas meet in Alcobaça and form one "Junta Provisório do Governo Supremo do Reino"
1820 10th October - General Beresford return from England but is not allowed to disembark
1820 22nd November - Elections are held for choosing new members of the "Cortes"
1821 24th January - The "Cortes" meet in Lisbon and decide to make a new Constitution to curnb the powers of Monarchy and the Church
1821 30th January - A new Regent's Council is formed in Lisbon to act on behalf of absent Dom João VI
1821 12th February - A law is issued giving amnesty to all persons that have been persecuted since 1807 for their political ideas
1821 9th March - A new Constitution is prepared
1821 20th March - The Inquisition (Tribunal do Santo Ofício), is abolished
1821 20th March - Foundation of Banco de Lisboa
1821 22nd April - Dom João VI appoints Dom Pedro as his Regent in Brazil and on the 26th he and his court set sail for Portugal
1821 5th May - The possessions of the Crown are declared national property
1821 3rd June - Dom João VI and his court leave Brazil and arrive back in Portugal on 3rd July with Dom Miguel (I) - Dom Pedro IV remains as Regent in Brazil
1821 August - The Bank of Brazil declares bankruptcy
1821 30th September - A new Constitution is proclaimed by Dom João VI providing a mixture of reforms and restrictions
1821 29th September - The "Cortes" demand that Dom Pedro be brought form Brazil to Portugal - the Brazilians request for him to stay in Brazil
1822 15th June - Proposal to amend Portuguese Constitution in view of the crisis in Brazil defeated and Portuguese troops stationed in Brazil recalled to Portugal
1822 7th September - Brazil proclaims itself to be an independent Kingdom to Portugal and Dom Pedro is declared as its Emperor on the 13th October
1822 23rd September - Dom João VI introduces a new Constitution
1822 12th October - Dom Pedro acclaimed Emperor in Brazil
1822 The first Municipal free elections in Tomar
1822 November - The new more Liberal Constitution causes civil unrest with division of opinion by the public
1823 23rd February - Anti-Liberal revolt by Conde de Amarante and followers in Vila Real
1823 29th February - The assassination of the Duque de Loulé who is in favour of the new Constitution and close adviser to Dom João VI
1823 31st May - Dom João VI publicly proclaims his rejection to absolute power and his respect for the liberties of the individual
1823 23rd May - Conde de Amarante leads a military uprising in Vila Franca de Xira in favour of monarchy
1823 27th May - Dom Miguel (I) who is a hard-line "absolutist" and encouraged by his mother the Queen, raises an army based in Vila Franca de Xira against the new Constitution - this action is named "Vila-francada"
1823 18th June - A Junta is nominated to prepare a new Constitution but fails to agree
1823 26th October - Plot to replace Dom João VI with Dom Miguel (I) is uncovered
1824 Foundation of the "Fábrica da Vista Alegre" - a factory dedicated to the production of quality porcelain
1824 Dom João VI appeals to England to send troops to support his control but England refuses to become involved in Portuguese internal affairs
1824 28th February - The Marquês de Loulé is assassinated in the Alentejo by supporters of Dom Miguel
1824 29th April - Loyalists to Dom Miguel (I) and his mother Dona Carlota-Joaquina arrest leading Liberal leaders and take control of Lisbon - Dom João VI takes refuge onboard an English boat, the "Windsor Castle" lying at anchor off Lisbon
1824 27th May - Dom João VI reclaims his power and Dom Miguel (I) is arrested and then exiled first to Paris and then later to Vienna - this action is named "Abrilada"
1824 26th October - Another military plot uncovered to usurp Dom João VI and create a Regency in favour of Dona Carlota-Joaquim
1825 19th May - Dom João VI officially recognises the Independent State of Brazil
1825 29th August - Brazil signs a Treaty with Portugal recognising their friendship and declaring non-involvement in each others internal affairs
1825 Birth of writer Camilo Castelo Branco (1825-1890)
1826 6th March - Dom João VI appoints a Regency Council presided by Dona Isabel Maria in an attempt to stop Dona Carlota-Joaquina taking the Throne
1826 10th March - Sudden illness and death of Dom João VI by poison - Dona Carlota-Joaquina refuses to attend the funeral of her husband
1826 29th April - Dom Pedro IV (1826) (also, still as Emperor of Brazil)


22nd April - A slightly more liberal Constitution is approved by the Dom Pedro IV who indicates that his daughter Dona Maria (II) to marry her uncle Dom Miguel I in order to settle the unrest in Portugal
1826 2nd May - Moderate Constitutional Charter created by Dom Pedro IV who then abdicates in favour of his daughter Dona Maria (II) - the royal policy was to now regard Brazil and Portugal as two independent kingdoms
1826 5th May - Dona Maria II (1826 - 1853) - Dom Miguel as Regent
1826 31st July - Maria II introduces her father's Constitutional Charter
1826 6th August - Troops loyal to Dom Miguel (I) revolt against the new Constitutional Charter
1826 23rd October - The Dom Miguel supporters take to arms in various parts of Portugal and civil war erupts until February 1827
1827 English troops stationed in Lisbon withdrawn due to English non-intervention policy
1828 Jesuits priests allowed back into Portugal
1828 26th February - Dom Miguel returns to Portugal to take an oath of allegiance to his brother and the Throne - within days he and his "Absolutists" supporters had taken power and arrested thousands of pro-Pedro supporters and executed 115 leaders
1828 18th May - Porto garrison revolts and pledges allegiance to Dom Pedro - Duke of Palmela and Saldanha with troops sail from England to Porto but soon have to escape from superior pro-Miguel army
1828 30th June - Dom Miguel (I) proclaims his acceptance of the Kingdom but popular opinion is divided
1828 11th July - Dom Miguel I crowns himself King - civil unrest commences immediately for the possession of the crown between liberal minded Dom Pedro IV (on behalf of his daughter Dona Maria II), and his brother, the absolutist Dom Miguel
1828 Algarve rebel leader "Remexido" commences his pro-Dom Miguel campaign
1829 6th January - General Saldanha flees with his supporters to the Island of Terceira in Azores
1829 9th January - Failed military revolt in Lisbon
1829 16th January - General Saldanha is refused entry in Azores by English fleet and forced to sail back to Brest in France
1829 6th March - Execution of Brigadier Moreira and his supporters in Lisbon
1829 6th March - Lifting of English fleet blockage of the Island of Terceira in Azores
1829 7th May - Execution of mob leaders of riots in Porto in May 1828
1829 11th August - Repelled landing of government soldiers at Vila da Praia in Azores from a fleet sent from Portugal
1829 31st August - Dona Maria II departs from Lisbon to Brazil
1829 2nd October - Dom Miguel I is acknowledged as King of Portugal by the United States of America
1829 11th October - Dom Miguel I is acknowledged as King of Portugal by Spain
1830 Death of Dona Carlote-Joaquina in Queluz
1830 Birth of poet João de Deus (1830-1896)
1830 French ships fire on batteries near Lisbon and seize two vessels - Portugal appeals to England for support which is not forthcoming
1830 15th June - Dom Pedro IV confirms the Duke of Palmela in Azores as his Regent
1831 8th February - Failed military plot in Lisbon
1831 13th April - Dom Pedro I of Brazil (Dom Pedro IV) abdicates in favour of his son Dom Pedro II and sails from Brazil to Europe via the Azores
1831 19th April - Portugal and France break diplomatic relations
1831 11h July - French fleet blockage Lisbon and arrest Portuguese ships
1831 16th August - Dom Pedro IV arrives in France
1831 21st September - The Pope recognises Dom Miguel as King of Portugal
1831 Degree published banning all religious orders in Portugal and its Territories and their possessions confiscated by the State
1832 22nd February - Dom Pedro IV returns to Azores with an army of Portuguese and English soldiers
1832 29th March - A fleet sent by Dom Miguel I blockades Madeira and remains until May without result
1832 27th June - Dom Miguel IV and his army sail from São Miguel in Azores to Portugal
1832 Civil War between the "Two Royal Brothers" for the Kingdom (1832-1834) - Dom Pedro (Liberalist) and Dom Miguel (Absolutist)
1832 8th July - Dom Pedro with his Liberal forces lands near Porto at Mindela
1832 9th July - Liberal forces besiege and then occupy Porto
1832 18th July - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Penafiel
1832 23rd July - Battle of Ponte Ferreira - Liberal and Absolutist armies clash leaving many dead and then retreat
1832 27th July - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Grijó
1832 August - Forces of Dom Miguel make repeated attempts to recapture Porto - these attempts continue into the summer of 1833
1832 7th August - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Souto Redondo
1832 24th January - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Crasto and Queijo
1832 28th January - General Saldanha arrives in Porto
1832 March - Dom Pedro forms a new government for Portugal in the Azores
1832 9th April - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Covelo
1832 13th October - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Serra do Pilar
1833 Birth of Dom Pedro, the bastard son of Dom Pedro IV and Dona Ana Augusta
1833 28th January - General Saldanha arrives from exile to join the Liberalist army in Porto
1833 Birth of Dom Pedro, the bastard son of Dom Pedro IV and Dona Ana Augusta
1833 Supporters of Dom Miguel occupy Marvão
1833 1st June - Dom Pedro IV and Sir Charles Napier arrive in Porto with reinforcements
1833 13th June - General Saldanha is appointed Commander of army in Porto
1833 24th June - Liberal fleet sail south and disembark in the Algarve and occupy Tavira
1833 5th July - Naval battle of Cape São Vicente in the Algarve and Absolutist fleet are defeated
1833 24th July - Duque de Terceira and Charles Napier lead Anglo/Portuguese Liberalist forces into Lisbon - Dom Miguel I retreats to Santarém
1833 27th July - Slaughter of 39 captured followers of "Remexido" in Estremoz castle
1833 28th July - Dom Pedro IV arrives in Lisbon
1833 9th August - England officially recognises Dona Maria (II) as Queen of Portugal
1833 16th October - Dom Miguel's forces destroy great quantities of wine stored in Vila Nova de Gaia (town across the river from Porto)
1833 18th August - General Saldanha effectively defeats Absolutist army at Porto
1833 20th August - Dom Miguel attempt to take Lisbon
1833 22nd September - Dona Maria (II) arrives in Lisbon by boat from France
1833 11th October - General Saldanha drives the Absolutist army out of Santarém
1833 11th October - France officially recognise Dona Maria (II) as Queen
1833 23rd October - Belgium officially recognise Dona Maria (II) as Queen
1833 Dom Pedro send 2.500 troops by boat to the Algarve to capture rebel leader "Remexido"
1833 3rd November - Liberal and Absolutist army engage at Alcácer do Sal
1833 December - Supporters of Dom Miguel besiege Marvão until March 1834
1834 January - Forces led by General Saldanha occupy successfully Leiria, Pernes and Torres Novas
1834 18th February - Battle of Almoster - loyal forces led by General Saldanha defeat forces of Dom Miguel whose army retreats to Santarém
1834 23rd March - Admiral Napier takes Caminha
1834 27th March - Admiral Napier takes Viana do Castelo and Ponte de Lima
1834 March - Royal forces led by Saldanha control of most of Portugal
1834 2nd April - Braga falls to the Liberalists, and the next day, Valença
1834 22nd April - Quadruple Alliance - Portugal, England, Spain and France agree to maintain a parliamentary system in the Iberian Peninsular
1834 Spanish army marches into Portugal in an attempt to capture the Spanish rebel Don Carlos who has been hidding in Portugal
1834 May - Army of Dom Pedro IV occupies Viseu, Coimbra and Tomar
1834 16th May - Battle of Asseiceira - Spanish forces led by General José Ramón Rodel defeat forces of Dom Miguel who retreats to Évora
1834 20th May - Dona Maria II is crowned as Queen with Dom Pedro IV as her Regent
1834 26th May - Convention of Evoramonte - Dom Miguel agrees to go into exile, first in Rome and later in Germany but always maintaining his claim to the throne of Portugal - Don Carlos of Spain who has sided with Dom Miguel returns to his country
1834 28th May - Masculine religious Orders are banned and their possessions taken by the State
1834 4th July - The Jesuits Order is banned from Portugal which immediately creates friction with the Pope
1834 18th September - Dom Pedro resigns as Regent due to ill health
1834 Dona Maria II introduces a Monarchy Constitution - Portugal enters into a phase of Liberalism and the Monasteries are dissolved and their possessions nationalized or sold
1834 Rebel leader "Remexido" and supporter of Dom Miguel is captured in the Algarve


1834 24th September - Pedro de Sousa Holstein (Marquês de Palmela) is appointed Prime Minister (1834-1835)
1834 22nd December - Law passed granting Freedom of the Press
1835 26th January - Marriage of Dona Maria II to Prince Charles Auguste of Lichtenberg who dies two months later on the 28th of March
1835 28th March - Home of Duque de Palmela in Lisbon is raided by angry mob accusing him to have been responsible for death of the Prince
1835 25th April - Reorganisation of Portugal into 17 Administrative Districts
1835 4th May - Vitório Maria Francisco de Sousa Coutinho Teixeira de Andrade Barbosa (Conde de Linhares) is appointed Prime Minister (1835-1836)
1835 13th May - Creation of an Academy of Sciences in Lisbon
1835 27th May - João Carlos Gregório Domingos Vicente Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun (Marquês de Saldanha) is appointed Prime Minister (1835)
1835 24th September - Pact signed with Spain to support each other in times of threat
1835 18th October - Portuguese troops sent to Spain to protect Dona Isabel II against threat of her uncle Don Carlos
1835 10th November - Government falls due to military alliance with Spain
1835 18th November - José Jorge Loureiro is appointed Prime Minister (1835-1836)
1836 9th April - Marriage of Dona Maria II to Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha who rules as Regent
1836 20th April - António José de Sousa Manoel de menezes Severim de Noronha (Duque de Terceira) is appointed Prime Minister (1836)
1836 30th April - Prince Ferdinand appointed Commander-in-Chief
1836 July - Left-wing radicals become increasingly strong in Porto
1836 14th July - Treasury building suspiciously catches fire in Lisbon conveniently destroying many important documents
1836 2nd August - Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo (Visconde de Sá da Bandeira) is appointed Prime Minister (1836-1837)
1836 "Massacre de Rossio" and "Motins do Arsenal" in Lisbon
1836 9th September - Royalist army regains temporary power and Dona Maria II reconstitutes the Liberal Reform of 1822
1836 10th September - José Manuel da Cunha Faro Menezes Portugal Gama Carneiro e Sousa (Conde de Lumiar) is appointed Prime Minister (1836)
1836 A new government body is created composed of Manuel da Silva Passos and Sá de Bandeira and led by Conde de Lumiar
1836 November - Dona Maria II and her husband attempt to flee Portugal to seek foreign aid because of political instability within the country - her failure gives further power to the radicals who plan to rewrite the Constitution
1836 4th November - José Bernardino de Portugal e Castro (Conde de Vimioso) is appointed Prime Minister (1836)
1836 4th November - English troops disembark in Lisbon in support of Dona Maria II and political calm is temporary restored - they depart next day
1836 5th November - Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo (Visconde de Sá da Bandeira) is appointed Prime Minister (1836-1837)
1836 10th December - Slave trade is forbidden in any territories south of Equator
1837 4th January - Extinction of College of Nobles
1837 5th January - Creation of Conservatory of Arts in Porto
1837 13th May - Group of Dom Miguel plotters discovered in Loures and are arrested
1837 1st June - António Dias de Oliveira is appointed Prime Minister (1837-1839)
1837 17th July - Military revolt commencing in Vila da Barca march and led by Barão de Leiria take Valença where they are encircled by State forces until they surrender on 7th of September. The rebels are joined by troops from Castelo Branco, Estremoz and Torres Novas
1837 25th July - Military rebels occupy Abrantes and General Saldanha joins them with the troops from Sobreira Formosa
1837 10th August - General Saldanha occupy Coimbra and then moves south to Leiria
1837 18th August - The Duque da Terceira joins the rebels with his force
1837 23rd August - The rebel army enter Lisbon as far as Campo Grande but by the 27th they withdraw to Rio Maior in the direction of Coimbra as they receive no popular support
1837 28th August - Battle of Chão da Feira - Rebel army led by General Saldanha engage with government forces led by Conde de Bonfim with indecisive result and rebels retreat to Tras-os-Montes
1837 Birth of Dom Pedro (V) in Lisbon, 18th Duque de Bragança (1837-1861)
1837 18th September - Battle of Ruivães - Rebel army defeated by government forces led by Visconde das Antas
1837 7th October - Convention of Chaves - Rebels are accepted but their leaders are exiled
1838 Prince Ferdinand acquires Monastery of Pena and begins construction of Palace and Park
1838 4th March - Revolt by military in Guarda for one day
1838 5th March - Declaration presented to Congress by Guarda Nacional of protest at the government
1838 9th March - Guarda Nacional revolt which spreads to other regiments
1838 13th March - Government troops clash with rebels in Lisbon and about 100 people are killed with the rebels being dispersed
1838 4th April - Dona Maria II introduces a New Constitution
1838 14th July - Mob revolts in Lisbon
1838 28th July - Rebel leader "Remexido" and supporter of Dom Miguel is captured in the Algarve and executed on the 2nd of August
1838 2nd August - Algarve rebel leader "Remexido" executed in Faro
1838 31st October - Birth of Dom Luís (I) in Lisbon
1839 April - The government led by Sá da Bandeira and his radical supporters are dismissed
1839 18th April - Rodrigo Pinto Pizarro de Almeida Carvalhais (Barão da Ribeira de Sabrosa) is appointed Prime Minister (1839)
1839 26th November - Government falls due to pressure from England that insist that Portugal is still trading slaves
1839 26th November - José Lúcio Travessos Valdez (Conde de Bonfim) is appointed Prime Minister (1839-1841)
1839 28th July - Rebel leader "Remexido" and supporter of Dom Miguel is captured in the Algarve
1840 15th May - England threaten to invade Madeira, Macau and Goa if slave trade is not terminated
1840 11th August - Mobs revolt in Lisbon
1838 26th August - Rebel Colonel Miguel Augusto de Sousa in Castelo Branco shot by his own men when he refused to surrender
1840 November - Spain threatens to invade Portugal due to a disagreement on a Treaty signed in 1835 about navigation on the River Douro - Portugal raises an army in preparation of this happening
1841 15th January - A solution is taken to solve the situation with Spain
1841 27th January - Revolt in Porto
1841 15th February - Execution of rebel Diogo Alves
1841 27th May - Diplomatic relations with the Santa See revived
1841 9th June - Joaquim António de Aguiar is appointed Prime Minister (1841-1842)
1841 6th November - Financial crises and State salaries are cut by 10%
1842 January - Election held showed a swing towards "Conservatism" in Porto
1842 27th January - Civil unrest in Braga and Marão leads to a "coup d'etat" by Costa Cabral based in Porto and re-establishing the Liberal Reform of 1822
1842 7th February - Pedro de Sousa Holstein (Marquês de Palmela) is appointed Prime Minister (1842)
1842 9th February - António José de Sousa Manoel de Menezes Severim de Noronha (Duque da Terceira) is appointed Prime Minister (1842-1846)
1842 10th February - The "Charterists" are back in power led by the Duque of Terceira
1842 24th February - António Bernardo da Costa Cabral is nominated as Minister for the Crown - his influence is to remain until May 1846
1842 3rd July - New Trade Agreement between Portugal and England giving the English the right to inspect any Portuguese ship for possible piracy
1842 16th July - Execution of Matos Lobo (the last State execution)
1842 August - Press censorship reintroduced
1842 24th August - Revolution plot discovered in Braga and leaders arrested
1842 September - Revolution plot led by Manuel Gomes França discovered in Marvão and leaders arrested
1843 Construction begins on Theatre D. Maria in Lisbon
1843 30th January - Workers revolt in Porto
1843 30th June - Military revolt in Torres Novas
1843 November - Military revolt in Chaves demanding government be sacked
1844 4th February - Military revolt by in Torres Novas
1844 16th February - Military bases in Lisbon and Guarda Nacional are disarmed by order of the Civil Governor
1844 4th February - Military revolt in Castelo Branco
1844 18th April - Public unrest in Lisbon in support of military in Torres Novas (continued to 25th of April)
1844 20th September - Educational reform
1844 December - Project to construct a railway from Lisbon to Spanish border
1845 Potato crop failure causes famine and unrest
1845 Birth of novelist Eça de Queírós (1845-1900)
1845 August - General MacDonnel, previously a follower of Dom Miguel I, leads a small band of troops in rebellion to the government in the Douro - he and his band are quickly defeated
1845 8th September - António Bernardo da Costa Cabral is granted title of Conde de Tomar
1845 26th November - Introduction of new Health Laws and especially effecting burial of dead in cemeteries
1846 Birth of illustrator and ceramist Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (1848-1905)
1846 19th March - Beginning of revolt of women in the north of Portugal due to famine, poverty, new Health Law and restricted land rights by both the State and the Church
1846 7th April - "Maria da Fonte" Movement - Revolt in the north of Portugal due to famine, poverty and restricted land rights by State and Church
1846 Collapse of the Costa Cabral influenced Government and he is then supported in exile in France by Dom Miguel I
1846 20th May - Pedro de Sousa Holstein (Marquês de Palmela) is appointed Prime Minister (1846)
1846 5th October - Successful royal plot to change the government with the help of Costa Cabral
1846 6th October - João Carlos Gregório Domingos Francisco de Saldanha a Oliveira e Daun (Duque de Saldanha) is appointed Prime Minister (1846-1849)
1846 23rd September - "Commissão Central do Partido Cartista" founded
1846 9th October - Municipal Councils dismissed until February 1848
1846 October - José Passos in Porto organises a Provisional Council led by Conde de Antas in rebellion to the government - other similar Councils are formed in other towns
1846 10th October - Duque da Terceira acting on behalf of the Crown in Porto is arrested by rebels who set up a Junta led by Conde dos Anteros
1846 16th October - Portugal appeals to Spain and England to send troops - Spain sends an army to the frontier but England rejects request
1846 26th October - The army of the rebel Council move to Santarém and occupy the city on 4th of November
1846 27th October - Dona Maria II dismisses government and assumes total powers of rule
1846 6th November - Costa Cabral now in Madrid is appointed Ambassador for Portugal
1846 16th November - Battle of Valpaços - Loyal forces led by Conde de Casal defeat rebel Council forces led by Sá de Bandeira
1846 19th November - Foundation of Banco de Portugal
1846 20th November - Remaining army of Sá de Bandeira return to the north and are attacked by supporters of Dom Miguel I led by MacDonell
1846 25th November - Army of Dom Miguel I enter Guimarães
1846 4th December - Army of Dom Miguel I attack but fail to take Viana do Castelo
1846 December - Conflicts in Ourém and Torres Vedras with victory to the loyal forces
1846 31st December - The army of supporters of Dom Miguel I are completely defeated by loyal forces
1847 Birth of sculptor Soares dos Reis (1847-1889)
1847 Serious food shortage in Madeira
1847 10th January - Marquês de Saldanha proposes a secret peace with rebel Council in Porto
1847 12th January - The rebel Council and the supporters of Dom Miguel I join together in Porto
1847 30th January - Marquês de Saldanha and loyal army are outside Porto whilst loyal navy under Soares Franco blockade the Douro
1847 2nd February - Soldiers and officers taken prisoners at Torres Vedras are shipped to Angola
1847 27th February - The Conde de Melo leads rebel Council forces to attack Estremoz in the Alentejo
1847 15th March - Marquês de Saldanha pleads for a new government and that the Queen sells her jewels to pay the army
1847 26th March - Rebel Council army under Sá de Bandeira sails from Porto to Lagos in the Algarve and then marches northwards towards Lisbon
1847 11th April - English government finally recognises the Civil War in Portugal and attempts to negotiate peace between the two fractions
1847 12th April - Spain offers an army of 12.000 men to aid the loyal fraction
1847 16th April - Army of Sá da Bandeira and Conde de Melo join forces in Setúbal
1847 28th April - Dona Maria II accepts English proposals to make political peace and offers immediate amnesty to all her subjects - this move fails quickly due to lack of cooperation from the "Setemberists"
1847 29th April - Public demonstrations in Lisbon and free food is distributed
1847 30th April - Colonel Wylde from England on behalf of Dona Maria II negotiates peace terms between the two fractions in Setúbal
1847 1st May - Battle of Alto do Viso - Rebel army make last stand against forces of Conde de Vinhais losing 500 men - peace is established
1847 19th June - Spanish army enters Portugal via Mirandela and reaches Porto on the 25th - English forces occupy Forte de São João in Porto
1847 24th June - Convenção de Gramido - end on paper of Civil War
1847 29th June - The Porto Junta created in 1846 is disbanded
1847 7th July - Marquês de Saldanha enters Porto
1847 December - Marquês de Saldanha forms a new ministry which includes the powerful Costa Cabral, Conde de Tomar
1847 18th December - Foundation of movement "São Miguel de Ala" - a secret society to place Dom Miguel I back on the throne
1848 May - "Carbonária Lusitania" movement founded in Coimbra
1848 17th May - Revolutionary Council created in Lisbon
1848 30th July - Public illumination by gas of the Baixa area in Lisbon with six street lights
1848 30th July - New agreement with Santa See allows religious orders back in Portugal
1849 17 July - Foundation of new Masonic Lodge "Grande Oriente de Portugal"
1849 18th June - António Bernardo da Costa Cabral (Conde de Tomar) is appointed Prime Minister (1849-1851)
1849 December - Laying of first macadam road in Portugal
1850 Birth of musician Keil do Amaral (1850-1907)
1850 Death of once-powerful Duque of Palmela
1850 12th January - English newspaper prints suggestion that Conde de Tomar is the lover of the Queen and has therefore enriched himself
1850 1st February - Proposal of changes in law of the Freedom of the Press
1850 7th February - Marquês de Saldanha dismissed and enters the opposition to Costa Cabral (Conde de Tomar)
1850 3rd August - New law of Freedom of the Press is introduced and is known "Lei das Rolhas" - it introduces restrictions in publications
1850 27th June - Foundation of "Accociação dos Operários" - first association of workers in Portugal with its own journal
1851 Beginning of period of Industrial Advancement
1851 7th April - Beginning of a plot to unseat government of Costa Cabral - by the 29th the plot has succeeded and the government falls
1851 26th April - António José de Sousa Manoel de Menezes Severim de Noronha (Duque da Terceira) is appointed Prime Minister (1851)
1851 1st May - João Carlos Gregório Domingos Vicente Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun (Duque de Saldanha) is appointed Prime Minister (1851-1856)
1851 4th May - Demonstrations in the streets in Lisbon
1851 9th May - "Revolt of Saldanha" - army revolt commences led by Marshal Saldanha removes Costa Cabral from power and he is exiled
1852 24th July - Town Halls are closed and the government reintroduces a period of dictatorship
1852 10th December - Death Penalty abolished for political crimes
1852 Vines in Porto area attacked by disease
1853 15th November - Dom Pedro V (1853 - 1861) - with father Prince Ferdinand as Regent
1853 First canning factory of conserved fish opened in Vila Real de Santo António
1853 Algarve rebel leader "Remexido" executed in Faro on August 2nd
1853 October - Portugal suffers with the plaque of cholera (1853-1856)
1853 December - First Portuguese Postage Stamp
1854 Birth of scientist Egas Moniz (1854-1955) - awarded Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1949
1854 26th February - Students and populace clash in riots in Coimbra
1854 May - Dom Pedro V commences his tour of Europe with England
1854 8th July - First railway line opened in Portugal between Sacavém and Vila Franca de Xira
1854 5th August - Monopoly on soap abolished
1854 29th August - First reunion of members of the Progressive Party
1854 14th December - All slaves belonging to the State are granted liberty
1855 Birth of painter José Malhoa (1855-1933)
1855 March - Serious flooding in the Vale do Tejo area - again in April
1855 1st May - Portugal participates in the Universal Exhibition in Paris
1855 May - Dom Pedro V visits France, Italy, Germany and Belgium
1855 Dom Pedro V crowned King having reached majority of 18 years of age
1855 October - Further outbreak of Cholera causing many deaths in the central and south of Portugal, and Madeira
1855 November - Industrial Exhibition of Porto
1855 November - Inauguration of telegraph service in Portugal
1855 November - Contract signed to establish oceanic submersed cable between Portugal and the U.S.A.
1856 January - Algarve suffers strong earthquake
1856 May - Outbreak of cholera in Coimbra and Lisbon
1856 June - Cereals are imported due to very poor harvest
1856 June - Financial crisis causes the government to fall
1856 6th June - Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto (Marquês de Loulé) is appointed Prime Minister (1856-1859)
1856 8th August - Riots in Lisbon due to high prices of food
1857 Birth of painter Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1857-1929)
1857 July - Outbreak of yellow fever in Lisbon killing some 5.000 people
1857 7th December - British Consul in Mozambique notifies that slave trade is continuing between Mozambique and the Island of Reunion - French ship intercepted with 110 slaves onboard and captain arrested
1858 18th May - Marriage of Dom Pedro V with Dona Estefana of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
1858 21st October - French ultimatum demanding release of French ship taken in Mozambique and payment of a compensation
1859 13th January - Portugal pays France the compensation for the ship
1859 16th March - António José de Sousa Manoel de Menezes Severim de Noronha (Duque da Terceira) is appointed Prime Minister (1859-1860)
1859 June - Portuguese vineyards attacked by disease
1859 17th July - Death of Queen Dona Estefana of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
1859 November - Introduction nationally of metric system
1860 Death of once-powerful Duque of Terceira
1860 1st May - Joaquim António de Aguiar is appointed Prime Minister (1860)
1860 4th July - Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto (Marquês de Loulé) is appointed Prime Minister (1860-1865)
1860 3rd August - Trade Treaty signed between Portugal and Japan
1860 10th August - Treaty between Portugal and Holland relating to Timor
1860 December - British attempt to settle in Mozambique by first occupying the bay of Lourenço Marques
1861 29th July - Portugal declares neutrality in relation to war in the U.S.A.
1861 25th August - Inauguration of Portuguese Industrial Exhibition in Porto
1861 6th November - Death of Prince Dom Fernando - heir to the throne
1861 11th November - Death of Dom Pedro V of typhoid
1861 14th November - Dom Luís returns to Portugal from Paris to learn on arrival of deaths making him King
1861 11 November - Dom Luís I (1861 - 1889)
1861 25th December - Riots in Lisbon caused by suspicion of royal deaths
1861 27th December - Death of Prince Dom João
1862 1st May - Riots in the Minho
1862 13th August - Treaty with China acknowledging Macau as Portuguese territory - this Treaty was never ratified by China
1862 16th August - Riots in Aveiro and Braga due to increased Taxes
1862 15th September - Further riot in Braga
1862 27th September - Marriage of Dom Luís I with Dona Maria Pia de Saboia
1863 Birth of painter Carlos Reis (1863-1940)
1863 June - Serious flooding destroys a third of agriculture crops
1863 28th September - Birth of Dom Carlos (I) in Lisbon, 19th Duque de Bragança (1863.1908)
1863 31st December - Population of Portugal declared as 3.829.618
1864 January - Portugal negotiates a loan of 5 million pounds from Britain
1865 17th April - Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo (Visconde de Sá da Bandeira) is appointed Prime Minister (1865-1868)
1865 Coalition period of three years of two main political parties
1865 11th June - Trade Treaty between Portugal and France
1865 3rd August - Trade Treaty signed between Portugal and Japan
1865 September - Dom Luís I visits Italy
1865 4th September - Joaquim António de Aguiar is appointed Prime Minister (1865-1868)
1865 15th September - International Exhibition at Cristal Palace in Porto
1865 December - Wine from the Douro is allowed to be freely exported
1865 December - Foundation of Reformist Party - headed government in 1868
1866 Death of Dom Miquel I
1866 7th February - Duel between Antero de Quental and Ramalho Ortigão - the later being wounded
1866 July - Massacre at Massangano - First of many battles against rebel leader Bonga without success (1866-1869)
1867 1st July - Complete abolition of Death Penalty and publication of new Civil Laws (Código Civil)
1868 Birth of pianist and composer José Vianna de Mota (1868-1946)
1868 Riots in Porto and the birth of the movement known as "Janeirinha"
1868 4th January - António José de Vila (Conde de Vila) is appointed Prime Minister (1868)
1868 22nd July - Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo (Marquês de Sá da Bandeira) is appointed Prime Minister (1868-1869)
1869 22nd January - Slave Trade abolished in Portugal and in all of the Portuguese territories
1869 10th June - Marriage of Dom Fernando with singer Elisa Hensler
1869 9th July - The government arranges large loan from German bank
1869 11th August - Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto (Marquês de Loulé) is appointed Prime Minister (1869-1870)
1869 October - All Portuguese Masonic Lodges combine and create Association of Lodges named "Grande Oriente Unido"
1869 30th December - New property law creates riots in most of Portugal
1870 Due to international pressure English withdraw their occupation of Mozambique around Lourenço Marques
1870 3rd May - Riots in Funchal, Madeira
1870 18th May - Unsuccessful military revolt led again by General Duque de Saldanha against the government
1870 19th May - João Carlos Gregório Domingos Vicente Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun (Duque de Saldanha) is appointed Prime Minister (1870)
1870 20th June - Government of Saldanha falls after only 100 days
1870 29th August - Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo (Marquês de Sá da Bandeira) is appointed Prime Minister (1870)
1870 29th October - António José de Ávila (Conde de Ávila) is appointed Prime Minister (1870-1871)
1871 21st September - Military revolt of troops in Goa causes forces to be sent by boat under Dom Augusto, brother of Dom Luís I
1871 13th September - António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo is appointed Prime Minister (1871-1877)
1872 14th January - Foundation of Workers Party - (Fraternidade Operário)
1872 2nd March - Trade Treaty signed with Germany
1872 22nd July - Attempted "coup d'etat" know as "A Povorosa" causes leading personalities to be arrested
1872 A series of worker's strikes in main towns
1873 26th January - Death of Dona Amélia (widow of Dom Pedro IV)
1873 17th November - Spain declares as a Republic
1875 Beginning of a period of State financial crises
1875 Portuguese enter into a Treaty with the Boer Transvaal
1875 10th January - Foundation of Portuguese Socialist Party
1875 23rd May - Death of Duque do Loulé
1875 24th June - French President declares in favour of Portugal in conflict with England over ownership of northern Mozambique
1875 17th December - Trade and Peace Treaty with South Africa
1876 6th January - Death of Marquês de Sá da Bandeira
1876 25th March - Foundation of Republican Party
1876 22nd April - Death of Princess Isabel Maria
1876 18th May Foundation of Republican Democratic Party
1876 May - Price of Wales visits Lisbon (future King Edward VII of Britain)
1876 18th August - Banks suspend all activities due to financial situation
1876 7th September - Creation of Progressive Party in Praia da Granja
1876 21st November - Death in London of Duque de Saldanha
1877 6th March - António José de Ávila (Conde de Ávila) is appointed Prime Minister (1877-1878)
1877 1st April - Introduction of reformed "Código de Processo Civil"
1877 7th July - Explorer Serpa Pinto, Hermenegildo Capelo and Roberto Ivens commence their journey to travel across southern Africa
1877 24th August - Dom Pedro II of Brazil visits Lisbon
1877 10th September - Portugal organises a loan from Britain of 3 million pounds - this is half of what they requested
1877 13th September - Death of Alexandre Herculano
1877 4th November - Bridge of Dom Luís I in Porto inaugurated
1877 31st December - Population of Portugal declared as 4.160.315
1878 26th January - António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo is appointed Prime Minister (1878-1879)
1878 14th July - Republican Congress in Porto
1879 29th May - Anselmo José Braamcamp de Almeida Castelo Branco is appointed Prime Minister (1879-1881)
1879 30th May - Treaty between Portugal and England to construct rail link between Lourenço Marques and the Transvaal in South Africa
1880 18th June - New Tax imposed on earnings
1881 8th March - Treaty of Lourenço Marques - after much discussion this Treaty with Britain in reference to division of ownership in Southern Africa was eventually accepted
1881 13th March - Cavalry charge against demonstrators in Lisbon
1881 23rd March - António Rodrigues Sampaio is appointed Prime Minister (1881)
1881 21st May - Tax imposed on earnings in 1880 suspended
1881 14th November - António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo is appointed Prime Minister (1881-1886)
1881 24th November - Royal family visit Porto and Braga in north of Portugal
1882 2nd January - Visit to Lisbon by Spanish royalty
1882 22nd January - Trade agreement with France
1882 July - Republicans meet in Lisbon and the arrest of Gomes Leal
1883 June - The Pope in Rome refuses to receive Dom Carlos (I) and Dona Maria Pia de Saboia
1884 Lisbon Agricultural Exhibition
1884 Hermenegildo Capelo journeys from east to west across Africa (Angola to Mozambique)
1884 26th February - Treaty of Zaire - Portugal and Britain agree boundaries of Zaire and Congo
1884 29th June - First two Republicans elected as Members of Parliament
1844 4th September - Large Republican support showed at the funeral of their leader Fernandes Tomás in Lisbon
1884 15th November - Conference of Berlin - Belgium, England, France, Germany and Portugal, agree on the boundaries of their possessions in Africa - King Leopold of Belgium is granted African territories to the cost of Portuguese interests - Treaty signed on 26th of February 1885
1885 Beginning of military campaigns in Angola to combat local rebels
1885 25th February - "Independent State of the Congo" - Belgium, France, Germany and England combine to limit territorial claims in Africa by Portugal
1885 18th March - Financial run on Bank do Montepio Geral creates temporary crises - this occurs also on 18th July
1885 15th December - Death of Dom Fernando II (husband of Dona Maria II)
1886 Beginning of military campaigns in Mozambique to combat local rebels
1886 Beginning of military campaigns in Guinea to combat local rebels
1886 16th February - José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real is appointed Prime Minister (1886-1890)
1886 10th March - Commercial Treaty between Portugal and Orange Free State in Southern Africa
1886 May - Portugal and France sign an agreement recognising Portugal's claim to its territories in Africa
1886 23rd May - Marriage of Dom Carlos (I) to Dona Amélia de Orleans
1887 Birth of painter Amadeu Souza-Cardoso (1887-1918)
1887 Portugal publishes its famous "rose-coloured" map of Africa which immediately raised objections from England
1887 21st March - Birth of Dom Luís Filipe, 20th Duque de Bragança (1887-1908), later assassinated with his father in Lisbon
1887 11th June - Dom Carlos leaves on a tour of Britain
1887 16th September - Dom Luís I starts tour of north of Portugal
1887 1st December - Trade and Peace Treaty between Portugal and China
1887 18th December - Republican Congress in Porto
1888 Birth of poet Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935)
1888 Eça de Queirós publishes satirical book "Os Maias"
1888 13th May - Dona Isabel signs the law "Lei Aurea" banning slavery in Brazil
1888 13th May - King of Sweden makes royal visit to Lisbon
1888 30th July - Dom Carlos assumes Regency in absence of Dom Luís I in France
1888 October - First football game organised in Cascais with public attendance
1889 28th April - Birth of politician António Oliveira de Salazar
1889 14th October - Portugal and Britain sign a secret declaration of mutual defence and assistance against enemies of both countries
1889 19th October - Death of Dom Luís I
1889 19th October - Dom Carlos I (1889 - 1908)
1889 14th November - Birth of Dom Manuel (II) in Lisbon
1889 25th November - Commencement of discord between Portugal and Britain about boundaries between Angola and Mozambique - this important discord became known in Portugal as "Mapa Cor-de-Rosa"
1890 Birth of composer Luís de Freitas Branco (1890-1955)
1890 11th January - Portugal receives ultimatum from Britain to withdraw its troops from in the area of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
1890 14th January - António de Serpa Pimentel is appointed Prime Minister (1890)
1890 11th February - Republican demonstration in Lisbon is dispersed by shots fired by Municipal Guards
1890 23rd March -  António José de Almeida a student in Coimbra is arrested for his journal article (he is later to become a President of Portugal)
1890 30th March - Violent clashes during elections cause 10 deaths and 40 injured
1890 7th April - New law is introduced relating to Freedom of the Press - (law becomes know as "Lei das Rolhas"
1890 1st May - Workers celebrate publicly for the first time "May the 1st"
1890 4th May - Karl Marx is openly discussed for the first time at Workers meeting
1890 1st July - Death of Camilo Castelo Branco
1890 14th August - Inauguration of Coliseu dos Recreios de Lisboa
1890 20th August - Treaty of London - English and Germany thwart plan of Portugal by increasing their land size to join Mozambique and Angola - Portugal granted a railway access between Angola and Mozambique - "Cortes" rejected the Treaty
1890 August - Anti-British riots in Porto by Republicans in the tobacco industry
1890 11th October - José Crisóstomo de Abreu e Sousa is appointed Prime Minister (1890-1892)
1891 31st January - Revolt of by Republicans and military in Porto declaring that Portugal has become a Republic - failed in their attempt within hours due to lack of public support
1891 23rd March - Law approved limiting to 8 hours work a day and minimum salaries
1891 6th March - Birth in Ceia of political republican activist and mason Alfonso Costa (1891-1937) - considered a leading politician during the initial part of the First Republican period
1891 14th April - Laws introduced governing Female and Children industrial hours and conditions
1891 Bank of Portugal declares country on verge of bankruptcy - this financial situation lasts for two years
1891 7th May - Devaluation of Portuguese currency by 10%
1891 28th May - Altered "Treaty of London" - less favourable for Portugal but accepted by the "Cortes"
1891 June - Portuguese Socialist Party hold Congress in Coimbra
1891 October - First female student accepted by Coimbra University
1892 18th January - José Dias Ferreira is appointed Prime Minister (1892-1893)
1892 29th January - Dom Carlos I reduces his expenses by 20% as a gesture to help the State financial crises
1892 22nd July - Dom Carlos I visits Coimbra
1892 18th August - Inauguration fo Campo Pequeno (Lisbon Bullring)
1893 February - Hintze Ribeiro, João Franco, Fuschinin and Berardino Machado from the "Regeneradors" Party, form a Ministry in parliament
1893 Birth of painter Almada Negreiros (1893-1970)
1893 27th March - Treaty between Portugal and Spain
1893 14th May - Political discord between Portugal and Brazil breaks their  diplomatic relationship
1893 27th August - Inauguration of Telegraph Line between Azores and Portugal
1893 22nd February - Ernesto Intze Ribeiro is appointed Prime Minister (1893-1997)
1894 Birth of poet Florbela Espanca (1894-1930)
1894 Birth of naval man and politician Américo Tomaz (1894-1987)
1894 February - New outbreak of Cholera
1894 11th March - A number of Banks in Port declare bankruptcy
1894 28th November - Due to civil unrest the government assumes a policy of dictatorship
1894 9th December - Republicans and Progressive supporters join in a public demonstration against the government
1895 10th January - New law re-establishes the Death penalty for military crimes which includes acts against the State by civilians
1895 4th March - Birth of Henrique Carlos Malta Galvão in Lisbon
1895 28th March - New laws introduced to restrict political voting
1895 17th May - Fire outbreak in Parliament building
1895 12th October - First motor vehicle imported into Portugal (from France)
1895 November - Dom Carlos I leaves to tour France, Germany and Britain


28th December - The "Consolidação do Imperio Colonial Português" - Due to the activity of the English and Cecil Rodes in Africa, Portugal defined the limits between their overseas territories
1895 29th December - Capture of rebel leader Gungunhana in Mozambique by Mouzinho de Albuquerque
1896 11th January - Death of children's writer and poet João de Deus
1896 13th February - Law introduced to control Anarchists with a threat of deportation to the Colonies
1896 4th August - Further financial difficulties with Banco de Porto declared insolvent - 14 days later Banks suspended payments
1897 26th January - Commercial Treaty between Portugal and Japan
1897 5th February - José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real is appointed Prime Minister (1897-1900)
1897 26th February- Creation of "Grande Oriente de Portugal" Lodge
1897 5th September - Republican Congress held in Coimbra
1897 21st October - Thailand royal party visit Portugal
1898 Birth of actor Vasco António Rodrigues Santana (1898-1956)
1898 Germany attempt to take control of parts of Portuguese territory in Africa - England blocks this move by offering a further loan to Portugal - Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of Britain also has designs on access across Mozambique to the Transvaal area in Africa
1898 1st October - An Anglo-German Convention is held in Lisbon to discuss Portugal's financial crises
1898 December - Portuguese Ambassador in London reports that the USA will occupy Azores if war commences between them and Spain
1899 19th August - Birth of political activist Captain Vilhena in Santiago de Cacém
1899 Porto elects first three Rebuplicans for Parliament
1899 11th Ocotber - Outbreak of Boer War in South Africa effecting Mozambique
1899 18th November - Republican Congress held in Porto
20th C. --
1900 26th July - Ernesto Rudolfo Intze Ribeiro is appointed Prime Minister (1900-1904)
1900 16th August - Eça de Queirós dies in Paris
1901 João Franco estblishes the "Centro Regenerador" Party
1901 Opening of Royal Metrological Observatory in Horta, Azores
1901 12th August - The Island of Madeira is granted autonomy from Lisbon
1901 31st December - Rioting in Tomar due to crises in wine industry
1902 King Edward VII of England makes royal visit to Lisbon
1902 25th March - In Paris Pereira Carrilho reaches agreement with foreign debtors
1902 25th March - Students riots in Porto and Coimbra continue into April
1903 2nd April - King Edward VII of England pays Lisbon a State visit
1903 15th April - Foundation of Royal Automobile Club of Portugal in Lisbon
1903 18th May - Wine growers march on Lisbon and demand action
1903 7th December - Strike by metal industry workers
1903 10th December - King Alfonso XIII of Spain pays Lisbon a State visit
1904 February - General strike in support of metal workers
1904 20th October - José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real is appointed Prime Minister (1904-1906)
1904 16th November - Portugal and Britain renew the "Windsor Treaty"
1904 12th December - Dom Carlos I visits Britain
1905 22nd March - Queen Alexandra of England pays State visit to Lisbon
1905 27th March - Emperor William II of Germany pays State visit to Lisbon
1906 Birth of soldier and democratic politician Humberto Delgado (1906-1965)
1906 Civil unrest and a period of financial instability of the Bank of Portugal
1906 11th March - Dom Carlos pays State visit to Spain
1906 19th March - Ernesto Rudolfo Intze Ribeiro is appointed Prime Minister (1906)
1906 8th April - Naval crew onboard royal yacht rebel who are strongly punished
1906 4th May - Riots in Lisbon and later publicly insult the Royal family
1906 19th May - João Ferreira Franco Pinto Castelo-Branco is appointed Prime Minister (1906-1908)
1906 29th June - Dom Carlos I visits north of Portugal
1906 17th August - Birth of Marcelo José das Neves Caetano in Lisbon (1906-1980) - future successor to Salazar and his dictatorship
1906 November - João Franco obtains Dom Carlos I permission to govern without any opposition and he dismisses Parliament
1906 22nd November - Public demonstrations result in 63 arrests
1907 Birth of Dom Duarte in Austria, 21st Duque de Bragança (1907-1976)
1907 Birth of poet Miguel Torga (1907-1995)
1907 March - Students begin strikes at University of Coimbra
1907 11th April - New Press Law strongly opposed
1907 14th May - Revolt in Lisbon kills 103 and 475 injured
1908 Birth of painter Vieira da Silva (1908-1988)
1908 Birth of film director Manoel de Oliveira (1908-)
1908 28th January - Republican demonstration and 97 leaders arrested
1908 31st January - Dom Carlos signs a new law making deportation for any person taking any action against the security of the State
1908 1st February - Dom Carlos I, his son and heir Dom Luís Filipe, assassinated together by Republicans extremists (Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buiça)
1908 Dom Luís Felipe, lived for a further twenty minutes after the assassinated of his father Dom Carlos I
1908 1st February - Dom Manuel II (1908 - 1910) - Last of House of Bragança
1908 8th February - Funerals of Dom Carlos I and Dom Luís Felipe
1908 6th May - Dom Manuel II is crowned King
1908 Dismissal of João Franco and coalition government formed
1908 4th February - Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral is appointed Prime Minister (1908)
1908 April - Lisbon elects 4 Rebuplicans, Setúbal 2, and Beja 2
1908 28th June - Republican Party fail in their attempt to create a revolution
1908 November - Lisbon Municipal Election is taken by the Republican Party
1908 8th November - Dom Manuel II visits Porto then later Coimbra
1908 26th December - Artur Alberto de Campos Henriques is appointed Prime Minister (1908-1909)
1909 13th February - Doma Manuel II and Dom Alfonso XII of Spain meet
1909 15th March - Dom Miguel (Pretender to the Throne) renounces his claim
1909 11th April - Sebastião Custódio de Sousa Teles is appointed Prime Minister (1909)
1909 23rd April - Earthquake in Benevente killing over 50 people
1909 24th April - Republican party Congress held in Setúbal and agree to establish a Republican State
1909 14th May - Wenscelau de Sousa Pereira de Lima is appointed Prime Minister (1909)
1909 26th June - Francisco António de Veiga Beirão is appointed Prime Minister (1909-1910)
1909 3rd July - Dom Manuel II visits town in the north of Portugal
1909 2nd August - Over 100.000 anti-Church demonstrators gather in Lisbon
1909 November - Manuel II visits Madrid, London and Paris to try and gain support
1909 23rd December - Population take to the streets of Lisbon demonstrating against the Monarchy
1910 29th April - Republican Party Congress in Porto
1910 26th June - António Teixeira de Sousa is appointed Prime Minister (1909-1910)
1910 7th August - Republican Party Congress in Lisbon and they gain 14 seats in the election
1910 7th August - Republican Party Congress in Lisbon
1910 1st October - President of Brazil Hermes da Fonseca pays State visit
1910 3rd October - The population of Portugal erupts in civil unrest and this leads towards the proclamation of a Republic on the 5th of October - signal for revolt given by the naval boat "Admaston" - total dead were 76 and 306 injured
1910 4th October - Rebel warships manned by Republican sailors bombard the Royal Palace in Lisbon
1910 6th October - Porto announces that Portugal it is now a Republic
1910 Manuel II abdicates and flees by boat with his family from Ericeira to England and exile
1910 Manuel II abdicates and flees by boat with his family from Ericeira to England and exile
1910 8th October - All Jesuits are expelled form Portugal
1910 9th October - All political prisoners are released -particularly the "Carbonária" who organised past bombings
-- --
9th Period Third Dynasty of Portugal - Habsburg (16th Century to 17th Century)
11th Period First Republic of Portugal (20th Century)

Return to Index of History Periods

Prime Ministers
The above was compiled by Michael Tannock from published information in the Portuguese language. While every care was taken in obtaining the above facts some conflicting dates, information and spelling were encountered. In such cases, our own discretion was used in choosing which facts to publish.